A market share is the percentage of sales compared to the total sales in a specific field or industry. A rise or fall in market share directly affects the profits of a company, so operations managers and marketing managers have to adjust their strategies if necessary. People take into consideration the market share of a company before they invest in it, mainly because it may mean the competitiveness of a business. Take note that a share market and market share are two different things, with the former related to the exchange of company stocks.
Market share may be calculated using the total earnings from sales or the total units sold. The simplest method to calculate market share is through the ratio of revenue or units sold and the total revenue or units sold for a particular industry or market. For example, when a computer store sells two out of four computers, it has 50 percent market share. Even though that was easy, calculations in real life can be complex and very difficult to determine. The main reason for this is that the numbers may change abruptly based on the way the business defines its market. Inflation adjustments and the manner that units sold and sales are counted will affect the final figure.
Market share is crucial for any business since it helps managers and senior executives produce well-informed decisions to increase profits and overall growth. A significant market share has several benefits, such as an easier time to procure products and supplies at low prices because of bulk purchases. Now that the company has more items in stock, it helps increase the return on investment because consumers will more likely to purchase the item, knowing that there still is plenty of stocks at a particular outlet. In addition, a business with a substantial percentage of the market is considered worthy of investment, as the business typically makes profit by keeping up with the demands of the industry.
A large market share is not always good. It is not considered lucrative if the increase is the result of expensive advertising campaigns or a large cut in prices. A business may not match the demand generated by a larger market share without massive investments in personnel and new equipment. An excessive increase in market share may violate the antitrust laws of a country. In addition, when a company’s market share is valued way above viable practices, it may lead to larger concerns in the future.
Investors have an interest in market share. It is important for them because it provides another influential factor on a company’s competitiveness. Even though this does not strictly go together with productivity and profitability, it often is a good indicator if a business is doing well or not. Radical changes in market share often point to problems or improvements of a particular company. Companies with large shares often are highly likely to provide investors with better returns on investment, or ROI, compared to companies with small market shares, even though other factors are still involved.
A company typically uses a mix of strategies to alter the course of its market share. It may be mean an increase in advertising efforts and marketing campaigns or an adjustment in the prices of items. In addition, the grouping of products to target a specific demographic increases market share. Another strategy is to invest in research and development to improve the features or services of an existing product.